Nucleotide sequence and functional properties of a sodium-dependent citrate transport system from Klebsiella pneumoniae

J Biol Chem. 1992 May 5;267(13):8971-6.


The gene of the sodium-dependent citrate transport system from Klebsiella pneumoniae (citS) is located on plasmid pES3 (Schwarz, E., and Oesterhelt, D. (1985) EMBO J. 4, 1599-1603) and encodes a 446-amino acid protein. Transport of citrate via this citrate transport protein (CitS) is dependent on the presence of sodium ions and is inhibited by magnesium ions. The delta pH (pH gradient across the membrane) is the major driving force for uptake. It is postulated that, in analogy with the proton-dependent citrate carrier (CitH) of K. pneumoniae (van der Rest, M. E., Abee, T., Molenaar, D., and Konings, W. N. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 195, 71-77), only one of the protonated species of citrate is recognized by CitS and that citrate is translocated across the membrane in symport with protons and sodium ions. The hydrophobicity profile of CitS suggests that the protein is very hydrophobic and contains 12 membrane-spanning segments. These segments are not centered around a hydrophilic core as has been suggested for other transport proteins, but the protein is asymmetrical with seven transmembrane segments in front of a large hydrophilic loop and five after this loop. The amino acid sequence is highly similar to a citrate transport system of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis var. diacetylactis (CitP) (David, S., van der Rest, M. E., Driessen, A. J. M., Simons, G., and de Vos, W. M. (1990) J. Bacteriol. 172, 5789-5794) and less similar to CitH of K. pneumoniae. We conclude that the citS gene of K. pneumoniae encodes a sodium-dependent citrate transport system that belongs to a novel subclass of transport proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae / metabolism*
  • Magnesium / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plasmids
  • Protein Conformation
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sodium / metabolism*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • citrate-binding transport protein
  • Sodium
  • Magnesium

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M74316
  • GENBANK/M74317
  • GENBANK/M74318
  • GENBANK/M74319
  • GENBANK/M74320
  • GENBANK/M74321
  • GENBANK/M74322
  • GENBANK/M74323
  • GENBANK/M74324
  • GENBANK/M83146