Complementary DNA cloning, genomic characterization and expression analysis of a mammalian gene encoding histidine-rich calcium binding protein

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Mar 10;1727(3):188-96. doi: 10.1016/j.bbaexp.2005.01.006.


A protein complex present at the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane is implicated in the Ca(2+) release process during muscle contraction. The histidine-rich Ca(2+)-binding protein (HRC) is an emerging component associated into the SR protein complex. We cloned cDNAs for rat and monkey HRCs, showing a conserved sequence organization in common with other mammalian HRCs. Genomic analysis revealed that each mammalian HRC gene is present as a single copy in the genome, consisting of 6 exons and 5 introns. Developmental expression analysis using mouse embryos and postnatal hearts demonstrated that Hrc transcription begins at 12.5 days postcoitum and its level increases gradually, reaching an adult level in the range 5-20 days after birth. Comparing the Hrc gene and other SR genes, we found that the timing and pattern of gene expression vary among the SR genes and the full-level expression of these genes is achieved in the heart after postnatal day 20. Collectively, our study provides comprehensive information about the structure and expression of the mammalian HRC gene, together with the comparative expression data of the related SR genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • HRC protein, rat
  • HRC protein, human

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY277279
  • GENBANK/AY305856