Intravascular catheter complications in the neonatal intensive care unit

Clin Perinatol. 2005 Mar;32(1):141-56, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2004.11.005.


Central and peripheral intravascular catheters serve many important functions for sick neonates; however, the use of these catheters also carries significant risk of permanent disability or even death. This article examines the risks of catheter-related thromboembolic events, vasospasm, and infection. The article also looks at risks that are specific to umbilical artery catheters, umbilical vein catheters, peripherally-inserted central catheters, peripheral artery catheters, and peripheral intravenous catheters. Specific recommendations are made to reduce the possibility of an intravascular catheter-related complication.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arm / blood supply
  • Catheterization / adverse effects*
  • Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects*
  • Constriction, Pathologic / etiology
  • Cross Infection / diagnosis
  • Cross Infection / drug therapy
  • Cross Infection / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*
  • Thromboembolism / etiology
  • Umbilical Arteries
  • Umbilical Veins