Effects of sports drinks and other beverages on dental enamel

Gen Dent. Jan-Feb 2005;53(1):28-31.

Abstract

A high percentage of people consume soft drinks that contain sugar or artificial sweeteners, flavorings, and various additives. The popularity of sports (energy) drinks is growing and this pilot study compares enamel dissolution in these and a variety of other beverages. Enamel blocks (approximately 7.0 x 5.0 x 2.5 mm) were sectioned from sound extracted human premolars and molars and measured, weighed, and immersed in the selected beverages for a total of 14 days. The pH of all beverages was measured. The enamel sections were weighed at regular intervals throughout the immersion period with the solutions being changed daily; all studies were performed in duplicate. The data were subjected to one-way ANOVA with post hoc Scheffe testing. Enamel dissolution occurred in all of the tested beverages, with far greater attack occurring in flavored and energy (sports) drinks than previously noted for water and cola drinks. No correlation was found between enamel dissolution and beverage pH. Non-cola drinks, commercial lemonades, and energy/sports drinks showed the most aggressive dissolution effect on dental enamel. Reduced residence times of beverages in the mouth by salivary clearance or rinsing would appear to be beneficial.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Beverages / adverse effects*
  • Beverages / analysis
  • Dental Enamel*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reference Values
  • Tooth Demineralization / chemically induced*
  • Tooth Erosion / chemically induced