Condom-promotion programme among slum-dwellers in Chandigarh, India

Public Health. 2005 May;119(5):382-4. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2004.07.004.


This study describes high-risk behaviour and condom usage in inhabitants of an urban slum in the Union Territory of Chandigarh, which has a population of about 20,000. A cohort of 375 participants was followed-up before and after an intervention. Half of the married but only one-eighth of the unmarried slum dwellers were using condoms regularly. One-quarter of the study subjects practised high-risk behaviour and this was higher among unmarried (44.88%) than married participants (18.7%). An intervention involving education on condom use and provision of free condoms increased the condom usage rate from 31.73% in the pre-intervention phase to 60% in the postintervention phase.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Poverty Areas*
  • Risk-Taking
  • Urban Population*