A novel diuretic hormone receptor in Drosophila: evidence for conservation of CGRP signaling

J Exp Biol. 2005 Apr;208(Pt 7):1239-46. doi: 10.1242/jeb.01529.


The Drosophila orphan G protein-coupled receptor encoded by CG17415 is related to members of the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) family. In mammals, signaling from CLR receptors depend on accessory proteins, namely the receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs) and receptor component protein (RCP). We tested the possibility that this Drosophila CLR might also require accessory proteins for proper function and we report that co-expression of the mammalian or Drosophila RCP or mammalian RAMPs permitted neuropeptide diuretic hormone 31 (DH31) signaling from the CG17415 receptor. RAMP subtype expression did not alter the pharmacological profile of CG17415 activation. CG17415 antibodies revealed expression within the principal cells of Malpighian tubules, further implicating DH31 as a ligand for this receptor. Immunostaining in the brain revealed an unexpected convergence of two distinct DH signaling pathways. In both the larval and adult brain, most DH31 receptor-expressing neurons produce the neuropeptide corazonin, and also express the CRFR-related receptor CG8422, which is a receptor for the neuropeptide diuretic hormone 44 (DH44). There is extensive convergence of CRF and CGRP signaling within vertebrates and we report a striking parallel in Drosophila involving DH44 (CRF) and DH31 (CGRP). Therefore, it appears that both the molecular details as well as the functional organization of CGRP signaling have been conserved.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide / metabolism*
  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Drosophila / metabolism*
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism
  • Fluorescence
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Insect Hormones / metabolism
  • Insect Proteins / metabolism*
  • Malpighian Tubules / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Neuropeptides / metabolism
  • Receptors, Calcitonin / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Calcitonin Receptor-Like Protein
  • Crz protein, Drosophila
  • Dh31 protein, Drosophila
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Insect Hormones
  • Insect Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • Receptors, Calcitonin
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
  • Calcium