Vanishing CT lesions in epilepsy

J Neurol Sci. 1992 Jan;107(1):40-9. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(92)90207-2.

Abstract

Experience with computed tomography (CT) in patients with epilepsy has drawn attention to specific type of cerebral lesions widely prevalent in this part of the world. The lesions disappear spontaneously while patients receive only anticonvulsant therapy. The exact nature of these lesions is not yet understood. One-hundred and twenty-two such patients (M 77; F 45) were studied. Their age ranged from 3 to 57 (mean 21.8 +/- 12.7) years. Seizures were partial motor in 86 (70.5%), generalised tonic clonic in 31 (25.4%), complex partial in 4 and atonic in one case. Postictal hemiparesis was seen in 6 patients who completely recovered within 5 min to 7 days. One hundred patients underwent EEG examination. It was abnormal in 84 cases; 40 patients showed localisation which correlated with CT findings. Plain CT showed low attenuation lesions in all cases. Morphology on contrast enhancement was ring lesion in 50 (40.9%), disc lesion in 47 (38.5%), target lesion in 3 (2.5%), mixed lesion in 2 (0.8%), no enhancement in 18 (14.8%) and a speck with oedema in 2 (0.8%) cases. All lesions were cerebral, present at cortical-subcortical junction. The first follow-up scan was performed in 78 (63.9%) patients within 6-12 weeks. It showed complete disappearance of the lesion in 47 (60.3%) cases. Reduction in size of the lesion and surrounding oedema was observed in 24 (30.8%) cases. The follow-up scans in these 24 cases revealed disappearance of lesion in 11 cases and almost complete resolution of the lesion with a remaining speck in 13 cases. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was normal in 95 out of 100 cases in which it was performed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Epilepsy / complications
  • Epilepsy / diagnostic imaging*
  • Epilepsy, Complex Partial / complications
  • Epilepsy, Complex Partial / diagnostic imaging
  • Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic / complications
  • Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Hemiplegia / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemiplegia / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed