Effect of molecular mass on antitumor activity of heteropolysaccharide from Poria cocos

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005 Mar;69(3):631-4. doi: 10.1271/bbb.69.631.


A water-soluble heteropolysaccharide ac-PCM0 from Poria cocos was successfully fractionated using a preparative size exclusion chromatography (SEC) column, and their weight-average molecular mass (M(w)) was characterized by analytical SEC combined with laser light scattering (SEC-LLS). The results indicate that the fractions having relatively high M(w) exhibited higher inhibition ratio in vivo antitumor activity than those having M(w) below 3.29 x 10(4). However, the relatively low molecular mass was beneficial to the in vitro antitumor activity. Moreover, ac-PCM0 has a significantly higher enhancement ratio of the body weight than 5-fluorouracil, and its 50% lethal dose is above 1250 mg/kg, indicating a nontoxic nature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / isolation & purification
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology*
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Mice
  • Molecular Weight
  • Polyporales / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry
  • Polysaccharides / isolation & purification
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*


  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Polysaccharides