The underlying cause of the multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome Kabuki syndrome (KS, OMIM 147920) has not yet been established. We identified seven patients who fulfilled the classical clinical criteria for this syndrome and undertook a detailed clinical, ophthalomological and molecular cytogenetic review. Three of the seven patients had previously undetected ocular anomalies including myopia, ptosis, strabismus and tilted discs. The identification of preventable causes of loss of vision underlines the value of detailed ophthalmologic examination of KS patients. Using BAC fluorescence in situ hybridisation, there was no evidence of the duplication of 8p recently reported by Milunsky and Huang. We conclude that the cause of KS has yet to be established.