An update on bronchiectasis

Curr Opin Pulm Med. 1995 Mar;1(2):119-24.


Bronchiectasis is associated with heterogeneous predisposing conditions that cause abnormal dilatation and persistent inflammation in the bronchial tree and lung parenchyma. The disease remains a common cause of significant morbidity and mortality, especially when associated with hereditary disorders such as cystic fibrosis, ciliary dyskinesia, and immunodeficiency states. Recent investigations have focused on the inflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of bronchiectasis. High-resolution computed tomography is now the diagnostic modality of choice and may also contribute to clinical management. Computed tomography and high-resolution computed tomography have identified bronchiectasis in individuals with HIV and alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. Early identification of predisposing disorders and aggressive management of symptoms has already been demonstrated by prolonged survival and decreased morbidity in cystic fibrosis patients, and similar management may benefit other populations with bronchiectasis. New treatments such as recombinant human DNase have been shown to improve pulmonary function and quality of life in cystic fibrosis patients and may prove useful in other chronic inflammatory lung disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchiectasis* / diagnosis
  • Bronchiectasis* / epidemiology
  • Bronchiectasis* / therapy
  • Comorbidity
  • Cystic Fibrosis / epidemiology
  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed