Role of 14-3-3 eta as a positive regulator of the glucocorticoid receptor transcriptional activation

Endocrinology. 2005 Jul;146(7):3133-40. doi: 10.1210/en.2004-1455. Epub 2005 Mar 24.


The glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, mediates the effects of glucocorticoids. It is known that 14-3-3 family proteins interact with GR and regulate its transcriptional activity. They also bind to several molecules and influence many cellular events by altering their subcellular localization and/or acting as a chaperone. Recently, it has been proposed that ligand-activated degradation of GR occurs via the ubiquitin-proteasomal degradation pathway and that inhibition of proteasomal activity induces up-regulation of GR and enhances the transcriptional activity of GR. To examine the function of 14-3-3eta in the glucocorticoid-dependent signal pathway, we studied the regulatory role of 14-3-3eta in ligand-induced GR transcriptional activation. 14-3-3eta Enhanced the transcriptional activity of GR, and the levels of GR were higher in cells transfected with the 14-3-3eta expression vector in response to glucocorticoid. The GR level increased in both cytosol and nucleus, and endogenous GR was also elevated by 14-3-3eta in HeLa cells. 14-3-3eta Inhibited ligand-induced down-regulation of GR. Proteasomal inhibition did not induce any synergistic effect on the 14-3-3eta-induced increase in GR in response to glucocorticoid, and inhibition of translation did not block elevation of GR by 14-3-3eta, indicating that 14-3-3eta induces stabilization of GR. These results suggest that 14-3-3eta functions as a positive regulator in the glucocorticoid signal pathway by blocking the degradation of GR and inducing an elevation of GR, thus enhancing the transcriptional activity of GR.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 14-3-3 Proteins / physiology*
  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Down-Regulation / drug effects
  • Down-Regulation / physiology
  • Drug Stability
  • Glucocorticoids / pharmacology
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / chemistry
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics*
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid / metabolism
  • Transcriptional Activation / drug effects
  • Transcriptional Activation / physiology*


  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid
  • Dexamethasone