Scott syndrome (SS) is a bleeding disorder characterized by a failure to expose phosphatidylserine (PS) to the outer leaflet of the platelet plasma membrane. Because the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is implicated in the exofacial translocation of PS, we assessed its role in the pathophysiology of a patient with SS. Substantially reduced levels of ABCA1 mRNA were found in the patient's leukocytes, compared with controls. The SS patient was heterozygous for a novel missense mutation c.6064G>A (ABCA1 R1925Q), absent from unaffected family members and controls. Both mutant and wild-type alleles were reduced in mRNA expression, and no causative mutation for this phenomenon was identified in the ABCA1 gene or its proximal promoter, suggesting a putative second mutation in a trans-acting regulatory gene may also be involved in the disorder in this patient. In vitro expression studies showed impaired trafficking of ABCA1 R1925Q to the plasma membrane. Overexpression of wild-type ABCA1 in SS lymphocytes complemented the Ca2+-dependent PS exposure at the cell surface. These data identify a mutation in ABCA1 that contributes to the defective PS translocation phenotype in our patient with SS.