Thirty-seven Brucella reference and field strains representing all the species and their biovars were analysed by PCR-RFLP to determine the degree of variation in the genes encoding the new members of group 3 outer membrane protein (Omp) family. Analysis of the omp22 and omp25c/omp25d genes indicated that the restriction patterns were identical for all species and biovars with all restriction enzymes tested, except for Brucella ovis that showed a short 30 bp deletion close to omp22 gene, and for B. abortus biovar 6 and B. ovis that lacked a DdeI site and a HinfI site, respectively, in the omp25c/omp25d genes. Analysis of PCR products of the omp31b gene digested with 20 restriction enzymes revealed that this gene has a greater level of DNA polymorphism than the other genes encoding the new members of group 3 Omp family. A deletion of 232bp was detected in fourteen B melitensis strains from different hosts and from different geographic origins, confirming that this feature is indeed a hallmark of B. melitensis. PCR-RFLP analysis of omp31b with DdeI allowed us to identify species-specific markers for B. abortus, B. melitensis, and B. ovis. Finally, by PCR analysis, Southern blot hybridization and DNA sequencing we showed that a large deletion of 15 kb, comprising the entire omp25b gene and 21 more genes, is present in all B. ovis strains, thus confirming previous observations from other authors.