The Seattle-King County Healthy Homes Project: a randomized, controlled trial of a community health worker intervention to decrease exposure to indoor asthma triggers

Am J Public Health. 2005 Apr;95(4):652-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.042994.


Objectives: We assessed the effectiveness of a community health worker intervention focused on reducing exposure to indoor asthma triggers.

Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up among 274 low-income households containing a child aged 4-12 years who had asthma. Community health workers provided in-home environmental assessments, education, support for behavior change, and resources. Participants were assigned to either a high-intensity group receiving 7 visits and a full set of resources or a low-intensity group receiving a single visit and limited resources.

Results: The high-intensity group improved significantly more than the low-intensity group in its pediatric asthma caregiver quality-of-life score (P=.005) and asthma-related urgent health services use (P=.026). Asthma symptom days declined more in the high-intensity group, although the across-group difference did not reach statistical significance (P=.138). Participant actions to reduce triggers generally increased in the high-intensity group. The projected 4-year net savings per participant among the high-intensity group relative to the low-intensity group were 189-721 dollars.

Conclusions: Community health workers reduced asthma symptom days and urgent health services use while improving caregiver quality-of-life score. Improvement was greater with a higher-intensity intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollution, Indoor / prevention & control*
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Asthma / prevention & control*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Community Health Workers
  • Female
  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Poverty
  • Prevalence
  • Program Evaluation
  • Risk Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Urban Health
  • Washington / epidemiology