Lumbar artificial disc technology has been commercially available outside the United States for nearly 2 decades. With the Food and Drug Administration approval of the Charité Artificial Disc in October 2004, an entirely new spinal surgeon population will be able to offer this technology to their patients as a treatment option. As with other techniques in spinal surgery, indications for lumbar total disc replacement are paramount to the success of the procedure. The correct surgical technique is also important to a successful outcome. This article describes the technique for placement of the Charité Artificial Disc in indicated patients. The technique is similar to that of an anterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure, but many differences between the techniques make lumbar total disc replacement a unique procedure in the spinal surgeon's armamentarium. Although this article is thorough in its description of the surgical technique for total disc replacement with the Charité Artificial Disc, it should not be used as a substitute for company-sponsored training.