Aim: To study the effect of inhibited E-cadherin expression on invasion of cancer cells.
Methods: We designed the nucleotide sequence of siRNA corresponding to 5' non-coding and coding sequence of E-cadherin. 21-nucleotide dssiRNA was synthesized by in vitro transcription with Ambion Silencer TM siRNA Construction Kit. siRNA was transfected into gastric cancer MKN45 using TransMessenger transfection Kit. RT-PCR and immunofluorescent assay were used to investigate the inhibition of the expression of mutated E-cadherin. Invasive ability of cancer cells was determined by Transwell assay.
Results: The synthesis of E-cadherin mRNA rather than protein expression was suppressed dramatically 7 d after interference. Decreased protein expression was observed on d 10 after interference. On d 11, invasion ability was enhanced significantly.
Conclusion: siRNA targeted at non-coding and coding sequence of E-cadherin showed significant inhibition on mRNA and protein expression. Inhibited E-cadherin expression results in increased invasion ability of cancer cells.