Analysis of metastasis suppressing function of E-cadherin in gastric cancer cells by RNAi

World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr 7;11(13):2000-3. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v11.i13.2000.


Aim: To study the effect of inhibited E-cadherin expression on invasion of cancer cells.

Methods: We designed the nucleotide sequence of siRNA corresponding to 5' non-coding and coding sequence of E-cadherin. 21-nucleotide dssiRNA was synthesized by in vitro transcription with Ambion Silencer TM siRNA Construction Kit. siRNA was transfected into gastric cancer MKN45 using TransMessenger transfection Kit. RT-PCR and immunofluorescent assay were used to investigate the inhibition of the expression of mutated E-cadherin. Invasive ability of cancer cells was determined by Transwell assay.

Results: The synthesis of E-cadherin mRNA rather than protein expression was suppressed dramatically 7 d after interference. Decreased protein expression was observed on d 10 after interference. On d 11, invasion ability was enhanced significantly.

Conclusion: siRNA targeted at non-coding and coding sequence of E-cadherin showed significant inhibition on mRNA and protein expression. Inhibited E-cadherin expression results in increased invasion ability of cancer cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / physiopathology*
  • Adenocarcinoma / secondary*
  • Cadherins / genetics*
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Genetic Therapy / methods
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / physiopathology*


  • Cadherins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Interfering