The aetiology and management of Castleman disease at 50 years: translating pathophysiology to patient care

Br J Haematol. 2005 Apr;129(1):3-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2004.05311.x.


Fifty years ago, Dr Benjamin Castleman first described the unusual lymphoproliferative disorder that now bears his name. Over the subsequent decades, astute clinical and pathologic observations coupled with clever molecular biologic research have increased our understanding of the aetiology of Castleman disease (CD). This article proposes three broad CD variants based on both distinctive histopathology and clinical behaviour. The pivotal roles of infection with human herpesvirus 8 and interleukin-6 production in the development of CD are emphasized. Finally, the natural history of CD and the myriad of therapeutic options are reviewed in the context of a unified model of CD pathophysiology, and continued areas of uncertainty are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Castleman Disease / etiology*
  • Castleman Disease / physiopathology
  • Castleman Disease / therapy
  • Herpesviridae Infections / complications
  • Herpesvirus 8, Human
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-8 / biosynthesis


  • Interleukin-8