To establish a more effective therapeutic strategy against advanced bladder cancer, we investigated the effects of combined treatment with antisense (AS) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) targeting the anti-apoptotic gene clusterin and adenoviral-mediated p53 gene transfer (Ad5CMV-p53) using the human bladder cancer KoTCC-1 model. Clusterin expression in KoTCC-1 cells was highly upregulated by Ad5CMV-p53 treatment; however, AS clusterin ODN treatment further suppressed clusterin expression in KoTCC-1 cells after Ad5CMV-p53 treatment. AS clusterin ODN treatment synergistically enhanced the cytotoxic effect of Ad5CMV-p53, and DNA fragmentation characteristic of apoptosis was observed only after combined treatment with AS clusterin ODN and Ad5CMV-p53, but not after treatment with either agent alone. Administration of AS clusterin ODN and Ad5CMV-p53 into nude mice resulted in a significant inhibition of KoTCC-1 tumor growth as well as lymph node metastases compared to administration of either agent alone. Furthermore, combined treatment with AS clusterin ODN, Ad5CMV-p53, and cisplatin completely eradicated KoTCC-1 tumors and lymph node metastases in 60% and 100% of mice, respectively. These findings suggest that combined treatment with AS clusterin ODN and Ad5CMV-p53 could be a novel strategy to inhibit bladder cancer progression, and that further additional use of a chemotherapeutic agent may substantially enhance the efficacy of this combined regimen.