[Aniseikonia of central serous chorioretinopathy]

Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi. 1992 Mar;96(3):369-74.
[Article in Japanese]


Central serous chorioretinopathy (CRS) is one of the typical diseases that accompany micropsia. However very little is known about micropsia of CRS, because of the difficulty to measure "aniseikonia" in terms of micropsia. Aniseikonia in 65 cases of CRS was measured quantitatively by Awaya's New Aniseikonia Tests (NAT). The tests were performed at two different distances of 40 cm (visual angle: 6 degrees) and 20 cm (12 degrees) and under 4 meridians of the halfmoon on NAT, horizontal, 45 degrees, vertical and 135 degrees, respectively. The mean value of aniseikonia under each testing condition was as follows: 6 degrees horizontal -3.13%, 45 degrees -2.56%, vertical -2.13%, 135 degrees -2.57%, 12 degrees; horizontal -1.38%, 45 degrees -1.69%, vertical -1.84%, 135 degrees -1.50%. At 6 degrees aniseikonia is larger in the horizontal meridian than in the vertical with statistical significance (t-test, p less than 0.05), while at 12 degrees aniseikonia is smaller than at 6 degrees and shows no particular tendency in terms of meridian. The phenomenon observed at 6 degrees may be what is called "oriented metamorphopsia".

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aniseikonia / etiology*
  • Choroid Diseases / complications*
  • Choroid Diseases / physiopathology
  • Exudates and Transudates / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retinal Diseases / complications*
  • Retinal Diseases / physiopathology