Translational control in stress and apoptosis

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Apr;6(4):318-27. doi: 10.1038/nrm1618.


Cells respond to stress stimuli through coordinated changes in gene expression. The regulation of translation is often used under these circumstances because it allows immediate and selective changes in protein levels. There are many examples of translational control in response to stress. Here we examine two representative models, the regulation of eukaryotic initiation factor-2alpha by phosphorylation and internal ribosome initiation through the internal ribosome-entry site, which illustrate the importance of translational control in the cellular stress response and apoptosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / genetics*
  • Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2 / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Ribosomes / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Stress, Physiological / genetics*
  • X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein


  • APAF1 protein, human
  • Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein
  • XIAP protein, human
  • Protein Kinases