Object: The treatment of 21 paraclinoid/ophthalmic segment internal carotid artery aneurysms (PCOSAs) over a seven year period in a regional neurosurgical center was reviewed to assess the degree of obliteration and recurrence rate of these aneurysms after treatment by surgical and endovascular methods.
Method and result: An assessment of the clinical notes, operation records and cerebral angiograms was made to evaluate the rate of residual and recurrent aneurysms after treatment and at follow-up. In the coiling group, the aneurysm recurrence rate was eight out of fifteen aneurysms (53%). Four recurrences were from previously totally occluded aneurysms. Out of the six surgical cases, five had follow-up angiography performed. All had stable occlusions of their aneurysms including one with subtotal occlusion. Two clipping procedures after previous coiling achieved total occlusion of aneurysm on follow-up angiography.
Conclusion: Based on our case series we conclude that PCOSAs frequently recur after primary treatment. GDC coiling was associated with a higher rate of recurrent aneurysms when compared with surgical treatment. A review of the literature on the surgical and endovascular treatment of PCOSAs support this observation.