Two new, at primary sequence and protein structure levels different, manganese peroxidase encoding genes from the white rot basidiomycete Phlebia radiata are described. Both genes are expressed in liquid cultures of P. radiata containing milled alder wood or glucose as carbon source, and high Mn(2+) concentration. The gene Pr-mnp2 contains 7 introns and codes for a 390 amino-acid polypeptide, whereas Pr-mnp3 presents 11 introns and codes for a 362 amino-acid protein. The 3-D molecular models confirm this diversity; the predicted Pr-MnP2 with a long C-terminal extension has the highest structural similarity with the crystal structure of Phanerochaete chrysosporium MnP1, whereas the shorter Pr-MnP3 protein is structurally more related to lignin peroxidases (P. chrysosporium LiPH8/H2). In Pr-MnP3, however, an alanine replaces the exposed tryptophan present in LiP and versatile peroxidases, and both Pr-MnPs include the conserved Mn(2+)-binding amino-acid ligands. This is the first occasion when two enzymes of similar function and origin fall into phylogenetically distinct subfamilies within the expanding dendrogram of the class II fungal secretory heme peroxidases.