Palliative care in children in Wales: a study of provision and need

Palliat Med. 2005 Mar;19(2):137-42. doi: 10.1191/0269216305pm967oa.

Abstract

Aim: To establish incidence and prevalence of children needing palliative care in Wales.

Patients and methods: Children were identified in three ways: (1) from paediatricians using the Welsh Paediatric Surveillance Unit (WPSU); (2) referrals to the specialist palliative medicine service based in Cardiff; and (3) children under the care of the two principal children's hospices serving Wales. All children referred or reported between January 2001 and December 2002 were included.

Results: A total of 226 children were identified. Fifty (22%) were identified by paediatricians, 58 (26%) were referred to the specialist paediatric palliative medicine service, 158 (70%) had been under the care of a children's hospice, and 34 (15%) were identified by more than one source. This study identified approximately 3.75 per 10000 children. This is about half the prevalence figures quoted in the ACT/ RCPCH document in 1997.

Conclusions: The study may underestimate prevalence. Children needing palliative medicine are still under-recognized in Wales. The overlap between children's hospice care and specialist paediatric palliative medicine is relatively small.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand*
  • Hospice Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Needs Assessment
  • Palliative Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Wales