A neglected gland: a review of Cowper's gland

Int J Androl. 2005 Apr;28(2):74-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2605.2005.00499.x.


Cowper's glands are pea sized glands present inferior to the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. They produce thick clear mucus prior to ejaculation that drains into the spongy urethra. Though it is well established that the function of the Cowper's gland secretions is to neutralize traces of acidic urine in the urethra, knowledge regarding the various lesions and associated complications of this gland is scarce. This review provides a comprehensive report on the development, function and various lesions associated with Cowper's gland.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bulbourethral Glands* / anatomy & histology
  • Bulbourethral Glands* / embryology
  • Bulbourethral Glands* / pathology
  • Bulbourethral Glands* / physiology
  • Genital Diseases, Male / diagnosis
  • Genital Diseases, Male / therapy
  • Genital Neoplasms, Male
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Male
  • Urethra / abnormalities
  • Urinary Calculi