Effects of glaucoma drugs on ocular hemodynamics in normal tension glaucoma: a randomized trial comparing bimatoprost and latanoprost with dorzolamide [ISRCTN18873428]

BMC Ophthalmol. 2005 Apr 5;5:6. doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-5-6.

Abstract

Background: Reduced choroidal perfusion is hypothesized to play a role in the pathogenesis of normal tension glaucoma. Thus the impact of antiglaucomatous eye drops on ocular perfusion has been the focus of recent research and the subject of intensive investigations. The present study investigates whether topically applied latanoprost or bimatoprost influence ocular perfusion in patients with normal tension glaucoma and compares these effects with that changes detected after the treatment with dorzolamide.

Methods: Ocular hemodynamics were assessed by color Doppler imaging (CDI) shortly before and after a one-month treatment with either latanoprost, bimatoprost or dorzolamide. Primary end-points of the study were peak systolic and end-diastolic blood flow velocities in the short posterior ciliary artery (SPCA) under the new therapy. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and additional perfusion parameters in the SPCA and other retrobulbar vessels were tracked as observational parameters. n = 42 patients with normal tension glaucoma were enrolled in the study.

Results: Systolic and diastolic blood flow velocities in the SPCA showed no significant alteration after the treatment with latanoprost or bimatoprost. Dorzolamide lead to increase of peak systolic velocity. IOP was reduced by all three agents in a range reported in the literature.

Conclusion: Topically applied latanoprost and bimatoprost act in a hemodynamically neutral manner and have the capability to lower IOP even in patients with normal tension glaucoma and low initial IOP level. Dorzolamide accelerates blood flow in systole. None of the tested compounds has a negative impact on hemodynamics in the short posterior ciliary arteries.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Amides
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Bimatoprost
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Ciliary Arteries / diagnostic imaging
  • Ciliary Arteries / physiology*
  • Cloprostenol / analogs & derivatives
  • Eye / blood supply
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / diagnostic imaging
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / drug therapy
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / physiopathology*
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / drug effects
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology*
  • Latanoprost
  • Lipids / administration & dosage
  • Ophthalmic Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Ophthalmic Artery / physiology*
  • Ophthalmic Solutions / administration & dosage
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostaglandins F, Synthetic / administration & dosage
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Retinal Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinal Artery / physiology*
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Sulfonamides / administration & dosage
  • Thiophenes / administration & dosage
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

Substances

  • Amides
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Lipids
  • Ophthalmic Solutions
  • Prostaglandins F, Synthetic
  • Sulfonamides
  • Thiophenes
  • Cloprostenol
  • Latanoprost
  • dorzolamide
  • Bimatoprost

Associated data

  • ISRCTN/ISRCTN18873428