The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons From Babies

Artif Life. Winter-Spring 2005;11(1-2):13-29. doi: 10.1162/1064546053278973.


The embodiment hypothesis is the idea that intelligence emerges in the interaction of an agent with an environment and as a result of sensorimotor activity. We offer six lessons for developing embodied intelligent agents suggested by research in developmental psychology. We argue that starting as a baby grounded in a physical, social, and linguistic world is crucial to the development of the flexible and inventive intelligence that characterizes humankind.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Behavior / physiology*