Background & objective: Abdominal recurrence from exfoliated cancer cells contributes a lot to treatment failure of advanced gastric cancer. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy, which has been proved effective in eliminating exfoliated cancer cells in abdominal cavity, is a hot topic on treatment of gastric cancer. This study was to explore application of combined therapy of intraoperative hypotonic peritoneal chemo-hyperthermia and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy to gastric cancer.
Methods: A total of 156 gastric cancer patients were randomized into 3 groups, and underwent the combined therapy (treatment group 1), intraoperative chemotherapy (treatment group 2), and peritoneal lavage with distilled water (control group), respectively.
Results: The 2-year survival rate of treatment group 1 was significantly higher than that of control group (88.4% vs. 65.2%, P < 0.05). The 3-year survival rate of treatment group 1 was significantly higher than those of treatment group 2, and control group (71.1% vs. 50.0%, and 45.6%, P < 0.05). Occurrence of liver metastasis was significantly lower in treatment groups 1 and 2 than in control group (7.7%, and 10.2% vs. 27.3%, P < 0.05).
Conclusions: Combined therapy of intraoperative hypotonic chemo-hyperthermia and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy is effective for gastric cancer. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy can be used to prevent postoperative liver metastasis of gastric cancer.