Actions of adenosine at its receptors in the CNS: insights from knockouts and drugs

Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2005;45:385-412. doi: 10.1146/annurev.pharmtox.45.120403.095731.


Adenosine and its receptors have been the topic of many recent reviews. These reviews provide a good summary of much of the relevant literature--including the older literature. We have, therefore, chosen to focus the present review on the insights gained from recent studies on genetically modified mice, particularly with respect to the function of adenosine receptors and their potential as therapeutic targets. The information gained from studies of drug effects is discussed in this context, and discrepancies between genetic and pharmacological results are highlighted.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / metabolism*
  • Adenosine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / drug effects
  • Central Nervous System / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Nervous System Diseases / genetics
  • Nervous System Diseases / metabolism
  • Purinergic P1 Receptor Agonists
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1 / genetics
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1 / metabolism*


  • Purinergic P1 Receptor Agonists
  • Receptors, Purinergic P1
  • Adenosine