We present two cases of sarcoidosis complicated by HIV infection. Each case had a different level of sarcoidosis activity and coexisted with either an AIDS-related infection or a HIV-positive state. Manifestations of sarcoidosis were not apparent in the patient with the AIDS-defining opportunistic infection, but were active in the patient with asymptomatic HIV infection. Both patients had granulomatous reactions to Kveim antigen, and one had such a reaction following an AIDS-defining infection. These findings suggest that non-T-cell mechanisms may be involved in granuloma formation in sarcoidosis.