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, 330 (4), 1306-13

Suppression of Tumor Cell Invasiveness by Hydrolyzable Tannins (Plant Polyphenols) via the Inhibition of Matrix metalloproteinase-2/-9 Activity

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Suppression of Tumor Cell Invasiveness by Hydrolyzable Tannins (Plant Polyphenols) via the Inhibition of Matrix metalloproteinase-2/-9 Activity

Susumu Tanimura et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.

Abstract

Elevated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially that of MMP-2 and MMP-9, is associated with increased metastatic potential in many tumor cells. Recently, green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to inhibit the MMP-2/-9 activity as well as the invasiveness of tumor cells. In this study, we have examined the inhibitory effect of hydrolyzable tannins (plant polyphenols) on the tumor cell invasion. Our results demonstrate that beta-d-glucose whose hydroxy groups are substituted entirely with galloyl group and further some of them are cross-linked to form hexahydroxydiphenoyl group, for example, suppresses the invasiveness of tumor cells much more potently than EGCG via direct inhibition of the MMP-2/-9 activity. Among those examined, 1,2,4-tri-O-galloyl-3,6-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-beta-d-glucose (punicafolin) inhibits the invasion of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells most potently. These hydrolyzable tannins would provide new leads for the development of potent inhibitors against tumor metastasis.

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