Rare amplicons implicate frequent deregulation of cell fate specification pathways in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Oncogene. 2005 Jun 16;24(26):4232-42. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1208601.


Genomes of solid tumors are characterized by gains and losses of regions, which may contribute to tumorigenesis by altering gene expression. Often the aberrations are extensive, encompassing whole chromosome arms, which makes identification of candidate genes in these regions difficult. Here, we focused on narrow regions of gene amplification to facilitate identification of genetic pathways important in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) development. We used array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) to define minimum common amplified regions and then used expression analysis to identify candidate driver genes in amplicons that spanned <3 Mb. We found genes involved in integrin signaling (TLN1), survival (YAP1, BIRC2), and adhesion and migration (TLN1, LAMA3, MMP7), as well as members of the hedgehog (GLI2) and notch (JAG1, RBPSUH, FJX1) pathways to be amplified and overexpressed. Deregulation of these and other members of the hedgehog and notch pathways (HHIP, SMO, DLL1, NOTCH4) implicates deregulation of developmental and differentiation pathways, cell fate misspecification, in oral SCC development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics*
  • Cell Adhesion / genetics
  • Cell Survival / genetics
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Gene Amplification*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Mouth Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Signal Transduction