Assessment of nutritional status in hemodialysis patients using patient-generated subjective global assessment

J Ren Nutr. 2005 Apr;15(2):211-6. doi: 10.1053/j.jrn.2004.10.005.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in hemodialysis patients.

Design: A cross-sectional observational study assessing the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients.

Setting: Private tertiary Australian hospital.

Subjects: Sixty patients, ages 63.9 +/- 16.2 years.

Intervention: Scored PG-SGA questionnaire, comparison of PG-SGA score > or =9 with subjective global assessment (SGA), albumin, corrected arm muscle area, and triceps skinfold.

Results: According to SGA, 80% of patients were well nourished and 20% of patients were malnourished. Patients classified as well nourished (SGA-A) attained a significantly lower median PG-SGA score compared with those rated as moderately malnourished or at risk of malnutrition (SGA-B). A PG-SGA score > or =9 had a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 92% at predicting SGA classification. There were significant correlations between the PG-SGA score and serum albumin, PG-SGA score, and percentage weight loss over the past 6 months. There was no association between PG-SGA score and body mass index or anthropometric measurements.

Conclusion: The scored PG-SGA is an easy-to-use nutrition assessment tool that allows quick identification of malnutrition in hemodialysis patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Malnutrition / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Assessment*
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Serum Albumin / analysis
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Weight Loss

Substances

  • Serum Albumin