Expression of the potent inflammatory cytokines, granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-6 and interleukin-8, in bronchial epithelial cells of patients with asthma

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1992 May;89(5):1001-9. doi: 10.1016/0091-6749(92)90223-o.


We have previously demonstrated that cultured human bronchial epithelial cells produce cytokines with potent proinflammatory properties on exposure to several stimuli in vitro, and we have hypothesized that these epithelial cell-derived factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of some inflammatory diseases of the bronchial mucosa, particularly asthma, by promoting the infiltration of granulocytes and T cells and their local activation. We provide, in this study, direct evidence of an increased expression of granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 genes and proteins in bronchial epithelium from patients with symptomatic asthma. The up regulation of the production of these cytokines in bronchial epithelial cells of patients with asthma could be abolished in vitro by corticosteroids (hydrocortisone, 10(-7) mol/L), but the up regulation also spontaneously disappeared during a period of 6 days after the removal of the cells from the diseased tissue.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / pharmacology
  • Adult
  • Asthma / metabolism*
  • Asthma / pathology
  • Base Sequence
  • Bronchi / metabolism*
  • Bronchi / pathology
  • Cytokines / genetics
  • Cytokines / metabolism*
  • Epithelium / metabolism
  • Epithelium / pathology
  • Female
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-8 / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Probes / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-6
  • Interleukin-8
  • Molecular Probes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor