Contexts for last occasions of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney: the health in men cohort

AIDS Care. 2005 Jan;17(1):23-32. doi: 10.1080/09540120412331305106.


The objective of the paper was to compare encounters involving unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and protected anal intercourse (PAI) among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney. Data were from those completing baseline face-to-face interviews to end June 2003 for the Health in Men open cohort of HIV-negative gay men in Sydney. The 1,148 participants ranged in age from 18 to 75 years (median = 36). Three hundred and fifty-two (30.7%) reported an occasion of UAI with a casual partner in the previous 6 months and 531 (46.3%) reported an occasion of UAI with a regular partner in that same time. The men's most recent sexual contact with a casual partner involving UAI was distinguished from those involving PAI by a greater likelihood for both partners to disclose HIV serostatus (p = 0.006) and by respondents being more inclined to restrict themselves to the insertive position or to practise withdrawal during occasions involving any UAI than when a condom was used (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001 respectively). Neither location nor recreational drug use differentiated men's most recent sexual contacts involving UAI from those involving PAI. The decision by HIV-negative gay men to use condoms during sexual encounters with either regular or casual partners is guided more by HIV serostatus and risk reduction strategies than by other factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Decision Making
  • Female
  • HIV Seronegativity*
  • Homosexuality, Male / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New South Wales
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Unsafe Sex / psychology*