Susceptibilities of natural populations of sibling species A, B and C of the Anopheles quadrimaculatus complex and the colonized strain A to subperiodic Brugia malayi and Brugia pahangi were compared. All 3 sibling species showed varying degrees of susceptibility to both B. pahangi and B. malayi, and they were considerably more susceptible to B. pahangi than to B. malayi. The rate and intensity of infection to B. pahangi were highest for species A (66.2% and 7.4 L3/female, respectively) and lowest for species B (21.3% and 1.7 L3/female). For B. malayi these values were higher for species A (29.7% and 1.84 L3/female) than for species B (13.3% and 0.86 L3/female) and C (12.6% and 0.75 L3/female). The colonized strain A of An. quadrimaculatus was significantly more susceptible to both Brugia species than the natural populations of sibling species A, B and C.