Sitaxsentan (SITAX; Thelin, Encysive Corporation, Bellaire, TX, U.S.A.) is a highly selective oral endothelin-A receptor antagonist. STRIDE-1, a 12-week randomized, doubleblind, placebo-controlled trial of sitaxsentan for pulmonary arterial hypertension showed significant benefit in 6-minute walk distance, functional class and hemodynamics. Pulmonary arterial hypertension clinical trials traditionally limit enrolment to class III/IV patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension or pulmonary arterial hypertension related to connective tissue disease, who have a baseline 6-minute walk distance of < 450 m. In contrast, STRIDE-1 included milder cases: class II patients, no baseline 6- minute walk cut-off, and congenital heart disease patients. We now present the STRIDE-1 subset who would have qualified under traditional inclusion criteria. The results were: change for placebo (mean +/- SE) vs change for sitaxsentan (mean +/- SE) vs treatment effect (mean), all statistically significant: 6-minute walk (m): -26 +/- 13, 39 +/- 10, 65; mean right atrial pressure (mmHg): 2.1 +/- 0.8, -1.2 +/- 0.5, -3.3; mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mmHg): 0.4 +/- 1.5, -4.7 +/- 1.5, -5.1; cardiac index (L/min per m): -0.09 +/- 0.09, 0.38 +/- 0.06, 0.47; pulmonary vascular resistance (dyne.s.cm): 85 +/- 60, -274 +/- 47, -359. A 45% improvement in functional class was seen in sitaxsentan-treated patients (P = 0.0005). Thus, in the STRIDE-1 subpopulation that met enrolment criteria of previous pulmonary arterial hypertension trials, improvement in efficacy parameters with sitaxsentan therapy was even greater than seen in the entire STRIDE-1 population.