The caveolae-mediated sv40 entry pathway bypasses the golgi complex en route to the endoplasmic reticulum

Virol J. 2005 Apr 19:2:38. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-2-38.


Background: Simian virus 40 (SV40) enters cells via an atypical caveolae-mediated endocytic pathway, which delivers the virus to a new intermediary compartment, the caveosome. The virus then is believed to go directly from the caveosome to the endoplasmic reticulum. Cholera toxin likewise enters via caveolae and traffics to caveosomes. But, in contrast to SV40, cholera toxin is transported from caveosomes to the endoplasmic reticulum via the Golgi. For that reason, and because the caveosome and Golgi may have some common markers, we revisited the issue of whether SV40 might access the endoplasmic reticulum via the Golgi.

Results: We confirmed our earlier finding that SV40 co localizes with the Golgi marker beta-COP. However, we show that the virus does not co localize with the more discriminating Golgi markers, golgin 97 and BODIPY-ceramide.

Conclusion: The caveolae-mediated SV40 entry pathway does not intersect the Golgi. SV40 is seen to co localize with beta-COP because that protein is a marker for caveosomes as well as the Golgi. Moreover, these results are consistent with the likelihood that the caveosome is a sorting organelle. In addition, there are at least two distinct but related routes by which a ligand might traffic from the caveosome to the ER; one route involving transport through the Golgi, and another pathway that does not involve the Golgi.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caveolae / metabolism*
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fibroblasts / virology
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Simian virus 40 / metabolism*