Serratia marcescens gene required for surfactant serrawettin W1 production encodes putative aminolipid synthetase belonging to nonribosomal peptide synthetase family

Microbiol Immunol. 2005;49(4):303-10. doi: 10.1111/j.1348-0421.2005.tb03734.x.


Serrawettin W1 produced by Serratia marcescens is a surface active exolipid having various functions supporting behaviors of bacteria on surface environments. Through the genetic analyses of serrawettin-less mutants of S. marcescens 274, the swrW gene encoding putative serrawettin W1 synthetase was identified. Homology analysis of the putative SwrW demonstrated the presence of condensation, adenylation, thiolation, and thioesterase domains which are characteristic for nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS). NRPSs have been known as multi-modular enzymes. Linear alignment of these modules specifying respective amino acids will enable peptide bond formation resulting in a specific amino acid sequence. Putative SwrW was uni-modular NRPS specifying only L-serine. Possible steps in this simple unimodular NRPS for biosynthesis of serrawettin W1 [ cyclo-(D-3-hydroxydecanoyl-L-seryl) (2) ] were predicted by referring to the ingenious enzymatic activity of gramicidin S synthetase (multi-modular NRPS) of Brevibacillus brevis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Depsipeptides / biosynthesis*
  • Depsipeptides / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Structure
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Mutation
  • Peptide Synthases / chemistry
  • Peptide Synthases / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Serratia marcescens / enzymology*
  • Serratia marcescens / genetics*


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Depsipeptides
  • serratamolide
  • Peptide Synthases
  • non-ribosomal peptide synthase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB193098