Saliency and context play a role in infants' texture segmentation

Vision Res. 2005 Jul;45(16):2161-76. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2005.02.003.

Abstract

We investigated whether young infants orient reliably towards more salient vs. less salient objects in a visual scene. Subjects were tested with stimuli presented on textured fields, one side showing a target stimulus (a 'more salient' or 'less salient' texture patch) and the other a background stimulus. Infants typically preferred the more salient, but not the less salient target. Their behaviour depended on the configuration of the background stimulus. In contrast, 3-4 year-old children always showed a preference for the target stimulus, regardless of the configuration of the background. We conclude that both saliency of a target stimulus and its context play a role in early texture segmentation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Orientation*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Psychophysics