Intrinsic Lymphotoxin-Beta Receptor Requirement for Homeostasis of Lymphoid Tissue Dendritic Cells

Immunity. 2005 Apr;22(4):439-50. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2005.02.007.

Abstract

The factors regulating dendritic cell (DC) development and homeostasis are incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that DCs express the lymphotoxin (LT)-beta receptor (LT beta R) and that in mice lacking the LT beta R in hematopoietic cells, spleen, and lymph node, CD8- DC numbers are reduced. B cells are a key source of LT alpha 1 beta 2 for splenic DC homeostasis, and transgenic overexpression of LT alpha 1 beta 2 on B cells leads to expansion of the CD8- DC compartment. Furthermore, we find that about 5% of splenic DCs are undergoing cell division, and the number of dividing CD8- DCs is disproportionately reduced in the absence of the LT beta R. In parabiosis experiments, splenic DCs were only partially replaced by circulating precursors over a 6 week period. We conclude that LT alpha 1 bet a2 acts on DCs or DC precursors to promote DC homeostasis, and we suggest that DC proliferation is an important pathway for locally maintaining these cells in the steady state.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • CD8 Antigens / metabolism
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Dendritic Cells / cytology
  • Dendritic Cells / physiology*
  • Homeostasis
  • Lymphoid Tissue / cytology*
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / metabolism*
  • Up-Regulation

Substances

  • CD8 Antigens
  • Ltbr protein, mouse
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor