Theta-burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation suppresses specific excitatory circuits in the human motor cortex

J Physiol. 2005 Jun 15;565(Pt 3):945-50. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2005.087288. Epub 2005 Apr 21.


In four conscious patients who had electrodes implanted in the cervical epidural space for the control of pain, we recorded corticospinal volleys evoked by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the motor cortex before and after a 20 s period of continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS). It has previously been reported that this form of repetitive TMS reduces the amplitude of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs), with the maximum effect occurring at 5-10 min after the end of stimulation. The present results show that cTBS preferentially decreases the amplitude of the corticospinal I1 wave, with approximately the same time course. This is consistent with a cortical origin of the effect on the MEP. However, other protocols that lead to MEP suppression, such as short-interval intracortical inhibition, are characterized by reduced excitability of late I waves (particularly I3), suggesting that cTBS suppresses MEPs through different mechanisms, such as long-term depression in excitatory synaptic connections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Synaptic Depression / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Cortex / cytology
  • Motor Cortex / physiology*
  • Pyramidal Cells / physiology
  • Theta Rhythm*
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation*