Regional variations in binocular summation across the visual field

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1992 Jan;12(1):46-51.


Binocular summation for a contrast detection task was measured as a function of eccentricity and target size along the horizontal and vertical meridians for ten young normal subjects. Binocular summation at the fovea was of the order of 1.4 for all target sizes, although there was some intersubject variation. Binocular summation was highest along the vertical meridian. With increasing eccentricity from the fovea, binocular summation for target size I (0.108 degrees projected diameter) decreased, remained relatively constant for target size III (0.431 degrees projected diameter) and increased with increasing eccentricity from the fovea for target size V (1.724 degrees projected diameter). For target sizes I and III, binocular summation was present only when interocular differences in sensitivity were under 5 dB, for target size V this relationship did not hold. Influences such as stimulation of corresponding retinal points and cortical representation are considered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Contrast Sensitivity / physiology
  • Fovea Centralis / physiology
  • Humans
  • Sensory Thresholds / physiology
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*
  • Vision, Monocular / physiology
  • Visual Fields*