Transplantation activity in the Organizzazione Centro-Sud Trapianti: a retrospective study from 1999 to March 2004

Transplant Proc. 2005 Mar;37(2):553-5. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.12.014.


Background: The Organizzazione Centro-Sud Trapianti (OCST) was set up in 1998 to coordinate the organ procurement and transplantation activity of 9 italian regions (Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Lazio, Molise, Sardinia, Sicily, and Umbria), each referring to a local Regional Transplant Center. The aim of the present study was to estimate organ donation and transplantation rates in the OCST from 1999 to March 2004.

Materials and methods: A retrospective study of organ donors and transplantation activity in the OCST during the study period was performed, pointing out donor epidemiological data, such as age and sex ratio, causes of death, reasons for discarding, and transplantation rates. Donors reported to the OCST were divided into 6 groups: A (October 1998-December 1999), B (2000), C (2001), D (2002), E (2003), and F (January-March 2004).

Results: From 1999 to March 2004, 2272 potential donors were reported to the OCST. The nonharvested donors rate increased up to 52% (Group F), which was lower than the previous period (Group E, 64%), but higher than in 1999 (Group A, 43%). The major contributing factor was family opposition, which was 38% in 2002 and 41% in 2003.

Conclusions: The introduction of the OCST into the field of organ transplantation has yielded an increase in organ donation and transplantation activity within the regions that set it up from 1999-2003. This trend is a consequence of the growth of reported donors from the intensive care unit, which grew 12.7% from 2002 to 2003. From the data analysis of the first months of 2004, we expect confirmation of this trend.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health
  • Cadaver
  • Family
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tissue Donors / statistics & numerical data
  • Tissue and Organ Harvesting
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / organization & administration*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / statistics & numerical data
  • Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*