Interaction between left ventricular wall motion and intraventricular flow propagation in acute and chronic ischemia

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Aug;289(2):H732-7. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00821.2004. Epub 2005 Apr 22.


Myocardial ischemia has been associated with left ventricular (LV) postsystolic shortening. The combination of tissue Doppler imaging and high frame-rate acquisition of two-dimensional color flow makes it possible to study the interaction between LV wall motion and intraventricular flow propagation. The aim of this study was to examine in a clinical model the impact that acute myocardial ischemia and prior myocardial infarct might have on LV flow patterns and to explain the underlying mechanisms from the tissue Doppler data. LV flow propagation and tissue velocities during early diastole were studied in 18 healthy individuals, 17 patients with prior anterior myocardial infarct, and 16 patients before and during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left anterior descending artery. Normal individuals had intraventricular flow propagation toward the apex during isovolumic relaxation. During this early diastolic time phase, myocardial velocities measured at mid- and apical septal segment were directed away from the apex. Before PCI, patients without myocardial infarction had similar findings as in normal individuals. In contrast, each patient with either prior myocardial infarction or PCI-induced acute ischemia had flow propagation opposite to normal individuals, and tissue velocities reversed toward the apex during early diastole. Reversal of early diastolic LV flow propagation in acute and chronic anterior myocardial ischemia reflects postsystolic shortening in the dyskinetic apical and septal myocardial segments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chronic Disease
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Coronary Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Coronary Stenosis / therapy
  • Diastole
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology*
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • Ventricular Function, Left*