Developing a process-evaluation plan for assessing health promotion program implementation: a how-to guide

Health Promot Pract. 2005 Apr;6(2):134-47. doi: 10.1177/1524839904273387.


Process evaluation is used to monitor and document program implementation and can aid in understanding the relationship between specific program elements and program outcomes. The scope and implementation of process evaluation has grown in complexity as its importance and utility have become more widely recognized. Several practical frameworks and models are available to practitioners to guide the development of a comprehensive evaluation plan, including process evaluation for collaborative community initiatives. However, frameworks for developing a comprehensive process-evaluation plan for targeted programs are less common. Building from previous frameworks, the authors present a comprehensive and systematic approach for developing a process-evaluation plan to assess the implementation of a targeted health promotion intervention. Suggested elements for process-evaluation plans include fidelity, dose (delivered and received), reach, recruitment, and context. The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate the steps involved in developing a process evaluation plan for any health promotion program.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Community Health Planning
  • Health Plan Implementation*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Planning Techniques*
  • Process Assessment, Health Care / methods*
  • School Health Services / organization & administration
  • United States