We have cloned and determined the nucleotide sequences of the seventh gene of the Miyahara strain of mumps virus (MuV) encoding the L protein. The L gene is 6925 nucleotides in length and contains a single long open reading frame which is capable of coding for a protein of 2261 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 256,571 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence of the L protein of MuV showed significant homology with those of six other paramyxoviruses, human parainfluenza type 2 virus, Newcastle disease virus, Sendai virus, measles virus, human parainfluenza type 3 virus, and human respiratory syncytial virus. The predicted MuV L protein contained distinct elements thought to be essential for RNA polymerase activity. A noncoding sequence of 24 nucleotides downstream of the presumed polyadenylation site of the L gene showed significant complementarity with the leader sequence composed of 55 nucleotide at the 3' end of the genomic RNA.