Biologic and genetic characterization of a panel of 60 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates, representing clades A, B, C, D, CRF01_AE, and CRF02_AG, for the development and assessment of candidate vaccines

J Virol. 2005 May;79(10):6089-101. doi: 10.1128/JVI.79.10.6089-6101.2005.

Abstract

A critical priority for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine development is standardization of reagents and assays for evaluation of immune responses elicited by candidate vaccines. To provide a panel of viral reagents from multiple vaccine trial sites, 60 international HIV-1 isolates were expanded in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and characterized both genetically and biologically. Ten isolates each from clades A, B, C, and D and 10 isolates each from CRF01_AE and CRF02_AG were prepared from individuals whose HIV-1 infection was evaluated by complete genome sequencing. The main criterion for selection was that the candidate isolate was pure clade or pure circulating recombinant. After expansion in culture, the complete envelope (gp160) of each isolate was verified by sequencing. The 50% tissue culture infectious dose and p24 antigen concentration for each viral stock were determined; no correlation between these two biologic parameters was found. Syncytium formation in MT-2 cells and CCR5 or CXCR4 coreceptor usage were determined for all isolates. Isolates were also screened for neutralization by soluble CD4, a cocktail of monoclonal antibodies, and a pool of HIV-1-positive patient sera. The panel consists of 49 nonsyncytium-inducing isolates that use CCR5 as a major coreceptor and 11 syncytium-inducing isolates that use only CXCR4 or both coreceptors. Neutralization profiles suggest that the panel contains both neutralization-sensitive and -resistant isolates. This collection of HIV-1 isolates represents the six major globally prevalent strains, is exceptionally large and well characterized, and provides an important resource for standardization of immunogenicity assessment in HIV-1 vaccine trials.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Vaccines / standards*
  • Africa
  • Americas
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology
  • Asia, Southeastern
  • CD4 Antigens / immunology
  • CD4 Antigens / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Drug Resistance, Viral
  • Genome, Viral
  • Giant Cells
  • HIV Antibodies / immunology
  • HIV Antibodies / pharmacology
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp160 / genetics
  • HIV Infections / immunology
  • HIV Infections / virology*
  • HIV-1 / drug effects
  • HIV-1 / genetics
  • HIV-1 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera / immunology
  • Immune Sera / pharmacology
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutralization Tests / standards
  • Phylogeny
  • Receptors, CCR5 / metabolism
  • Receptors, CXCR4 / metabolism
  • Vaccination

Substances

  • AIDS Vaccines
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • CD4 Antigens
  • HIV Antibodies
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp160
  • Immune Sera
  • Receptors, CCR5
  • Receptors, CXCR4

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY713406
  • GENBANK/AY713407
  • GENBANK/AY713408
  • GENBANK/AY713409
  • GENBANK/AY713410
  • GENBANK/AY713411
  • GENBANK/AY713412
  • GENBANK/AY713413
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