Purpose: To describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of six Japanese families with Bietti's crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD).
Design: Case reports and results of DNA analysis.
Methods: Mutation screening was performed on six unrelated patients with BCD by direct sequencing. The clinical features were characterized by the visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, electroretinography, fluorescein angiography, and kinetic visual field testing.
Results: An identical IVS6 to 8delTCATACAGGTCATCGCG/insGC mutation in the CYP4V2 gene was identified in five of the patients with BCD; the sixth patient had a novel Trp340X mutation in the CYP4V2 gene. Three patients showed crystalline-like deposits at the limbus by specular microscopy. Ophthalmic findings of all patients had a rapid progression after age 50 years.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the IVS6 to 8delTCATACAGGTCATCGCG/insGC mutation is a common mutation in Japanese patients with BCD. Although phenotypic variability was found, the natural course was almost the same in all of our patients.