Identification and functional characterization of novel CYP2J2 variants: G312R variant causes loss of enzyme catalytic activity

Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2005 Feb;15(2):105-13. doi: 10.1097/01213011-200502000-00006.


CYP2J2 plays important roles in the metabolism of therapeutic drugs, such as astemizole and ebastine, as well as endogenous fatty acids. This study aimed to identify CYP2J2 genetic variants in Koreans and to characterize their functional consequences. From direct sequencing of the CYP2J2 gene, 12 genetic variations, including the two novel nonsynonymous mutations G312R and P351L, were identified from 93 Korean subjects. The two novel CYP2J2 variants were co-expressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase in Sf9 cells and their catalytic activities were quantified. The recombinant CYP2J2 G312R variant showed almost complete loss of enzymatic activity, as determined by CYP2J2-catalysed astemizole O-demethylation and ebastine hydroxylation. The CYP2J2 P351L variant showed enzymatic activities that were comparable with the wild-type CYP2J2. The reduced CO spectra of the recombinant CYP2J2 proteins suggested no CO binding to the heme in CYP2J2 G312R. In addition, molecular modelling of the three-dimensional structure consistently predicted that there might be spatial hindrance between heme and the bulky side chain of the R312 residue in CYP2J2 G312R variant. The CYP2J2 G312R variant was not found in 192 Chinese, 99 African-Americans, 100 Caucasians and 159 Vietnamese subjects. Two of the 192 Chinese subjects (0.52%) were heterozygous for CYP2J2 P351L. Twelve CYP2J2 variants, including two novel nonsynonymous variants, were identified in a Korean population. The G312R variant is the first nonfunctional CYP2J2 allele to be identified, and is expected to influence the disposition of its substrate therapeutics, as well as endogenous compounds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Astemizole / metabolism
  • Astemizole / pharmacology
  • Butyrophenones / metabolism
  • Catalysis
  • Cell Line
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2J2
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / chemistry
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / physiology
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Variation
  • Heterozygote
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Insecta
  • Kinetics
  • Korea
  • Methylation
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation*
  • Oxygenases / chemistry
  • Oxygenases / genetics*
  • Oxygenases / physiology
  • Piperidines / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Time Factors


  • Butyrophenones
  • CYP2J2 protein, human
  • DNA Primers
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists
  • Piperidines
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Astemizole
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Oxygenases
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2J2
  • ebastine