Fragmentation of negative ions from carbohydrates: part 2. Fragmentation of high-mannose N-linked glycans

J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2005 May;16(5):631-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jasms.2005.01.005.


[M + NO3]- And [M + (NO3)2]2- ions were produced by electrospray from neutral high-mannose ([Man](5-9)[GlcNAc]2, [Glc](1-3)[Man](4-9)[GlcNAc]2) N-linked glycans and their 2-aminobenzamide derivatives sprayed from methanol:water containing ammonium nitrate. Low energy collision-induced decomposition (CID) spectra of both types of ions were almost identical and dominated by cross-ring and C-type fragments, unlike the corresponding spectra of the positive ions that contained mainly B- and Y-type glycosidic fragments. This behavior could be rationalized by an initial proton abstraction from various hydroxy groups by the initially-formed anionic adduct. These negative ion spectra were more informative than the corresponding positive ion spectra and contained prominent ions that were diagnostic of structural features such as the composition of individual antennas that were not easily obtainable by other means. C-ions defined the sequence of the constituent monosaccharide residues. Detailed fragmentation mechanisms are proposed to account for many of the diagnostic ions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anions
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Carbohydrates / chemistry
  • Mannose / analysis*
  • Mannose / chemistry*
  • Nitrates / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides / analysis*
  • Polysaccharides / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization / methods*


  • Anions
  • Carbohydrates
  • Nitrates
  • Polysaccharides
  • Mannose